Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 729,975
2 United States 477,712
3 United Kingdom 377,367
4 Australia 138,338
5 Netherlands 123,664
6 Canada 122,121
7 Germany 94,376
8 Turkey 79,367
9 South Korea 71,001
10 India 67,577
11 Sweden 65,529
12 Taiwan 61,975
13 Italy 57,278
14 Brazil 53,868
15 Hong Kong 51,822
16 France 49,336
17 Malaysia 46,696
18 Spain 46,116
19 Japan 43,541
20 Norway 39,554

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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