Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 563,559
2 United States 424,090
3 United Kingdom 306,430
4 Australia 122,301
5 Canada 106,618
6 Netherlands 99,840
7 Germany 88,084
8 Turkey 61,962
9 India 59,699
10 Taiwan 53,172
11 South Korea 51,680
12 Brazil 48,359
13 Italy 43,406
14 Malaysia 42,474
15 Sweden 41,154
16 France 38,882
17 Spain 37,404
18 Thailand 36,022
19 Japan 35,596
20 Hong Kong 34,319

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach