Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 385,309
2 United Kingdom 233,712
3 Australia 128,653
4 Canada 78,132
5 Turkey 56,014
6 Spain 55,011
7 China 55,007
8 Brazil 53,745
9 South Korea 42,914
10 Thailand 34,493
11 Netherlands 30,484
12 Italy 29,834
13 Japan 29,133
14 Taiwan 28,488
15 France 27,230
16 Belgium 25,294
17 Germany 24,539
18 Colombia 23,859
19 Iran 22,522
20 New Zealand 19,186

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach