Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,954,951
2 United States 691,053
3 India 552,106
4 United Kingdom 430,573
5 South Korea 404,732
6 Turkey 318,589
7 Australia 234,604
8 Italy 181,656
9 Japan 176,665
10 Malaysia 161,153
11 Canada 150,889
12 France 147,734
13 Brazil 140,788
14 Taiwan 128,889
15 Germany 122,884
16 Thailand 113,558
17 Spain 93,978
18 Iran 84,111
19 Poland 75,202
20 Netherlands 71,615

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach