Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,266,462
2 United States 607,385
3 India 528,249
4 United Kingdom 360,328
5 South Korea 306,225
6 Turkey 287,565
7 Australia 205,054
8 Italy 163,503
9 Malaysia 158,695
10 Japan 143,255
11 France 137,881
12 Germany 134,547
13 Brazil 133,450
14 Canada 133,205
15 Thailand 111,961
16 Taiwan 110,703
17 Iran 95,180
18 Spain 80,440
19 Russia 70,189
20 Poland 67,321

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach