Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,550,605
2 United States 501,326
3 United Kingdom 388,160
4 India 249,248
5 South Korea 214,082
6 Germany 207,109
7 Japan 176,185
8 France 159,535
9 Turkey 146,193
10 Australia 121,627
11 Canada 116,881
12 Malaysia 101,842
13 Brazil 83,736
14 Italy 82,585
15 Taiwan 75,611
16 Netherlands 69,078
17 Spain 61,581
18 Russia 52,565
19 Thailand 52,105
20 Belgium 43,509

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach