Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,436,121
2 United Kingdom 829,111
3 Australia 416,208
4 Canada 275,935
5 Netherlands 126,860
6 New Zealand 66,484
7 China 61,704
8 Spain 53,635
9 Sweden 43,561
10 Germany 37,754
11 Turkey 32,242
12 South Africa 32,047
13 Belgium 31,850
14 Italy 30,424
15 Ireland 29,524
16 Hong Kong 27,238
17 Israel 27,089
18 Malaysia 24,459
19 France 22,546
20 Norway 19,958

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach