Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 337,227
2 United States 276,405
3 United Kingdom 116,105
4 Germany 71,378
5 India 67,483
6 Japan 65,814
7 South Korea 60,820
8 France 52,256
9 Canada 49,166
10 Netherlands 45,217
11 Brazil 43,749
12 Australia 41,595
13 Italy 30,033
14 Switzerland 27,193
15 Spain 25,421
16 Turkey 25,171
17 Taiwan 24,894
18 Russia 20,987
19 Mexico 19,596
20 Belgium 19,384

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach