Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 235,155
2 United States 157,533
3 United Kingdom 46,478
4 South Korea 39,645
5 Japan 37,143
6 India 35,127
7 Germany 32,245
8 France 19,302
9 Australia 18,480
10 Taiwan 18,346
11 Canada 17,265
12 Turkey 15,672
13 Brazil 13,817
14 Russia 13,206
15 Italy 11,458
16 Spain 10,677
17 Netherlands 9,934
18 Switzerland 8,088
19 Poland 8,043
20 Sweden 7,196

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach