Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 276,432
2 United States 162,152
3 United Kingdom 47,809
4 South Korea 45,745
5 Japan 39,966
6 India 38,869
7 Germany 29,444
8 Taiwan 20,101
9 France 20,064
10 Australia 19,356
11 Canada 18,738
12 Turkey 17,715
13 Brazil 14,343
14 Russia 13,479
15 Italy 12,489
16 Spain 11,695
17 Netherlands 10,596
18 Poland 8,605
19 Switzerland 8,311
20 Hong Kong 7,714

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach