Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 217,826
2 United States 158,849
3 United Kingdom 46,150
4 South Korea 38,081
5 India 36,066
6 Japan 35,983
7 Germany 35,787
8 France 19,323
9 Taiwan 18,649
10 Australia 18,047
11 Canada 17,193
12 Brazil 15,626
13 Turkey 15,465
14 Russia 14,170
15 Italy 10,817
16 Spain 10,210
17 Netherlands 9,504
18 Switzerland 8,001
19 Poland 7,957
20 Malaysia 7,891

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach