Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 70,143
2 Canada 32,293
3 United Kingdom 31,178
4 China 21,999
5 Germany 12,430
6 Australia 9,192
7 Netherlands 8,105
8 Taiwan 5,965
9 France 5,949
10 Brazil 5,801
11 Switzerland 5,650
12 Russia 5,375
13 Italy 5,351
14 India 5,235
15 Spain 5,141
16 South Korea 5,009
17 Japan 4,691
18 Turkey 4,154
19 Israel 2,896
20 Poland 2,792

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach