Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 848,226
2 United Kingdom 523,936
3 Australia 292,720
4 Canada 271,041
5 China 153,305
6 Netherlands 74,586
7 New Zealand 62,237
8 Germany 34,154
9 Sweden 31,937
10 Hong Kong 28,161
11 South Africa 26,878
12 South Korea 26,108
13 Malaysia 25,580
14 Japan 24,835
15 Taiwan 23,471
16 Brazil 23,382
17 Ireland 23,234
18 Spain 21,965
19 France 18,872
20 Turkey 18,127

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach