Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 552,442
2 China 226,509
3 United Kingdom 207,258
4 Italy 120,326
5 Australia 103,031
6 Japan 100,120
7 Canada 92,201
8 Germany 83,873
9 South Korea 71,474
10 Netherlands 69,667
11 France 63,299
12 Brazil 54,691
13 Taiwan 49,390
14 Spain 46,759
15 Turkey 36,501
16 Switzerland 29,810
17 Russia 27,940
18 India 26,659
19 Belgium 26,425
20 Sweden 25,883

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach