Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 574,894
2 China 236,853
3 United Kingdom 226,495
4 Australia 115,602
5 Italy 114,700
6 Japan 114,467
7 Canada 103,654
8 South Korea 74,004
9 Germany 72,886
10 Netherlands 72,705
11 France 56,673
12 Taiwan 44,570
13 Brazil 43,361
14 Spain 42,139
15 Turkey 37,348
16 Switzerland 32,333
17 Belgium 27,350
18 India 24,040
19 Sweden 23,017
20 Thailand 22,822

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach