Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 579,199
2 China 239,519
3 United Kingdom 219,056
4 Italy 120,874
5 Australia 111,907
6 Japan 110,038
7 Canada 100,161
8 Germany 78,242
9 South Korea 72,835
10 Netherlands 72,196
11 France 61,325
12 Brazil 51,283
13 Taiwan 48,837
14 Spain 45,691
15 Turkey 37,581
16 Switzerland 31,540
17 Belgium 27,061
18 India 26,128
19 Thailand 24,015
20 Sweden 23,666

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach