Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 897,071
2 United States 269,196
3 India 188,212
4 United Kingdom 176,972
5 Turkey 96,690
6 Brazil 88,168
7 Australia 84,175
8 South Korea 83,181
9 Canada 68,118
10 Malaysia 56,869
11 Thailand 50,984
12 Italy 48,040
13 Germany 46,149
14 France 41,757
15 Indonesia 39,787
16 Japan 36,679
17 Poland 36,423
18 Spain 36,028
19 Taiwan 35,513
20 Russia 34,164

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach