Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,083,565
2 United States 293,398
3 United Kingdom 194,634
4 India 189,108
5 Turkey 114,669
6 South Korea 94,574
7 Australia 93,573
8 Brazil 92,272
9 Canada 74,907
10 Malaysia 62,394
11 Italy 54,284
12 Thailand 52,562
13 France 46,498
14 Germany 45,886
15 Indonesia 44,943
16 Japan 42,490
17 Poland 40,919
18 Spain 40,065
19 Taiwan 37,195
20 Colombia 29,882

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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