Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 467,128
2 United States 121,344
3 United Kingdom 46,110
4 South Korea 42,114
5 India 38,623
6 Turkey 31,238
7 Japan 26,034
8 France 25,950
9 Germany 24,086
10 Brazil 23,166
11 Taiwan 23,119
12 Australia 19,727
13 Canada 18,332
14 Poland 16,772
15 Russia 16,429
16 Italy 14,327
17 Spain 13,104
18 Malaysia 12,458
19 Mexico 11,024
20 Thailand 10,704

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach