Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,319,417
2 United States 271,493
3 India 199,131
4 Brazil 151,458
5 South Korea 147,628
6 Japan 138,726
7 Turkey 127,888
8 United Kingdom 125,501
9 Taiwan 108,661
10 Thailand 88,257
11 Iran 87,201
12 Russia 75,941
13 Malaysia 75,593
14 Mexico 66,156
15 Australia 64,235
16 Canada 59,988
17 France 57,886
18 Italy 57,145
19 Spain 56,257
20 Germany 50,005

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach