Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Japan 73,623
2 United States 71,587
3 China 67,736
4 United Kingdom 22,445
5 South Korea 13,516
6 Germany 11,023
7 Switzerland 8,708
8 Thailand 8,248
9 France 7,849
10 Australia 7,756
11 Canada 7,330
12 Netherlands 6,971
13 Taiwan 6,383
14 India 5,035
15 Italy 4,743
16 Russia 4,341
17 Brazil 4,208
18 Turkey 4,105
19 Malaysia 3,172
20 Denmark 3,064

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach