Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 937,684
2 United States 181,210
3 Australia 107,500
4 United Kingdom 99,366
5 India 85,932
6 Brazil 71,189
7 Japan 54,036
8 Canada 43,809
9 Germany 40,531
10 France 37,105
11 Russia 31,520
12 South Korea 27,648
13 Turkey 25,793
14 Italy 22,471
15 South Africa 19,270
16 Spain 18,926
17 Norway 15,444
18 Switzerland 15,018
19 Netherlands 14,125
20 Thailand 13,486

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach