Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,029,802
2 United States 185,770
3 Australia 104,172
4 United Kingdom 98,328
5 India 80,976
6 Brazil 70,695
7 Japan 53,350
8 Canada 44,802
9 France 38,598
10 Germany 36,510
11 Russia 34,722
12 South Korea 32,418
13 Italy 24,528
14 Turkey 22,956
15 Spain 19,360
16 South Africa 18,429
17 Switzerland 16,544
18 Norway 16,222
19 Netherlands 14,727
20 Czech Republic 13,150

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach