Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Japan 163,511
2 United States 144,607
3 China 86,706
4 United Kingdom 32,578
5 South Korea 24,457
6 Thailand 23,607
7 Australia 20,152
8 France 17,739
9 Brazil 15,461
10 Canada 15,222
11 Taiwan 15,008
12 Russia 14,412
13 Italy 12,944
14 Germany 12,673
15 Turkey 12,532
16 Netherlands 10,281
17 Switzerland 9,392
18 Mexico 9,026
19 Spain 8,604
20 Colombia 8,242

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach