Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Japan 198,409
2 United States 155,810
3 China 97,661
4 United Kingdom 35,536
5 South Korea 27,255
6 Thailand 23,425
7 Australia 21,931
8 France 18,204
9 Canada 16,687
10 Taiwan 15,931
11 Brazil 15,107
12 Turkey 14,809
13 Russia 14,376
14 Italy 13,937
15 Germany 12,232
16 Netherlands 11,358
17 Switzerland 10,785
18 Spain 8,948
19 Mexico 8,505
20 Colombia 7,427

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach