Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Australia 537,996
2 United States 294,868
3 United Kingdom 154,064
4 Canada 66,806
5 New Zealand 22,915
6 China 20,638
7 Turkey 19,029
8 Sweden 18,151
9 Ireland 18,038
10 Thailand 10,831
11 Indonesia 9,558
12 South Africa 9,468
13 Malaysia 8,456
14 Netherlands 7,354
15 Taiwan 7,168
16 South Korea 7,116
17 Hong Kong 6,743
18 Singapore 5,990
19 Norway 5,935
20 Spain 5,276

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach