Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 India 159,254
2 China 131,960
3 United States 80,031
4 Malaysia 38,814
5 United Kingdom 38,432
6 Germany 29,256
7 Turkey 25,569
8 Indonesia 23,338
9 South Korea 22,071
10 Taiwan 20,002
11 Australia 19,305
12 Russia 16,414
13 Pakistan 15,262
14 Thailand 13,549
15 Canada 13,255
16 Saudi Arabia 13,056
17 Brazil 12,423
18 Iran 11,366
19 France 9,445
20 Italy 9,299

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach