Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 India 140,440
2 China 95,613
3 United States 69,481
4 Malaysia 33,926
5 United Kingdom 32,090
6 Germany 23,543
7 Turkey 19,151
8 Indonesia 18,304
9 Australia 17,162
10 Taiwan 16,102
11 South Korea 15,807
12 Russia 14,810
13 Pakistan 12,234
14 Canada 11,933
15 Iran 11,881
16 Thailand 11,511
17 Saudi Arabia 11,354
18 Brazil 11,354
19 France 8,521
20 Italy 7,662

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach