Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Turkey 12,942
2 China 7,322
3 United States 6,607
4 United Kingdom 5,479
5 Malaysia 2,611
6 Indonesia 2,392
7 Germany 2,204
8 India 2,108
9 Australia 1,381
10 South Africa 1,232
11 Russia 1,063
12 France 1,011
13 Netherlands 961
14 Poland 928
15 Canada 851
16 Thailand 805
17 Italy 752
18 Iran 752
19 Pakistan 716
20 Japan 712

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach