Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 222,200
2 China 101,804
3 United Kingdom 76,631
4 France 68,605
5 Japan 43,597
6 Australia 40,643
7 Canada 38,477
8 Switzerland 31,098
9 Italy 30,003
10 South Korea 29,610
11 Turkey 25,974
12 Netherlands 24,224
13 Spain 19,046
14 Brazil 18,857
15 Germany 18,818
16 Taiwan 17,083
17 Belgium 13,523
18 Thailand 11,551
19 Colombia 10,148
20 Mexico 9,973

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach