Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 192,349
2 United States 127,956
3 United Kingdom 118,140
4 Italy 116,888
5 Spain 55,822
6 Turkey 48,536
7 Australia 38,605
8 Portugal 31,760
9 Canada 25,352
10 France 24,825
11 Netherlands 24,590
12 Greece 23,155
13 South Korea 22,717
14 Brazil 21,200
15 Malaysia 18,770
16 Germany 17,914
17 Taiwan 17,052
18 India 17,010
19 Thailand 15,342
20 Czech Republic 14,760

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach