Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 222,113
2 United States 136,030
3 United Kingdom 129,346
4 Italy 129,266
5 Spain 58,171
6 Turkey 52,914
7 Australia 41,926
8 Portugal 33,644
9 Canada 28,050
10 France 27,353
11 Netherlands 26,467
12 Greece 25,776
13 South Korea 24,890
14 Brazil 21,777
15 India 19,525
16 Malaysia 19,102
17 Taiwan 17,632
18 Germany 17,331
19 Poland 15,926
20 Thailand 15,769

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach