Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 859,771
2 India 250,127
3 United States 230,564
4 United Kingdom 101,329
5 Turkey 97,518
6 South Korea 94,647
7 France 65,149
8 Japan 64,838
9 Taiwan 49,837
10 Canada 49,062
11 Australia 44,764
12 Germany 43,439
13 Malaysia 39,926
14 Brazil 37,562
15 Italy 33,514
16 Russia 30,184
17 Iran 30,019
18 Thailand 29,922
19 Spain 20,937
20 Poland 20,163

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach