Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,353,230
2 United States 281,361
3 United Kingdom 197,896
4 India 163,281
5 South Korea 122,251
6 Turkey 81,319
7 Australia 71,317
8 Japan 60,324
9 Italy 57,044
10 Canada 54,401
11 France 47,178
12 Brazil 41,552
13 Netherlands 39,982
14 Russia 38,263
15 Germany 36,113
16 Taiwan 31,462
17 Spain 29,333
18 Malaysia 23,448
19 Iran 23,377
20 Indonesia 18,889

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach