Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 137,815
2 France 79,549
3 China 72,904
4 United Kingdom 61,626
5 Canada 31,134
6 Australia 30,159
7 Denmark 21,481
8 Japan 19,233
9 South Korea 17,243
10 Germany 13,019
11 Italy 12,495
12 Turkey 11,878
13 Brazil 11,275
14 Netherlands 11,220
15 Switzerland 10,762
16 Belgium 10,739
17 Taiwan 10,488
18 Spain 10,186
19 Mexico 9,072
20 Iran 8,685

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach