Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 134,632
2 France 81,479
3 China 79,478
4 United Kingdom 58,980
5 Australia 31,030
6 Canada 29,111
7 Denmark 22,660
8 Japan 21,582
9 South Korea 18,757
10 Germany 13,627
11 Italy 12,706
12 Turkey 12,072
13 Netherlands 12,058
14 Switzerland 11,581
15 Belgium 11,180
16 Taiwan 10,866
17 Spain 10,261
18 Brazil 9,601
19 Mexico 7,794
20 Iran 7,460

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach