Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,166,273
2 South Korea 418,459
3 United States 270,106
4 India 128,557
5 Brazil 101,118
6 Malaysia 99,712
7 Turkey 97,962
8 United Kingdom 95,756
9 Thailand 94,424
10 Taiwan 89,980
11 Japan 87,716
12 Australia 57,851
13 Canada 57,474
14 Iran 53,892
15 Spain 48,366
16 Indonesia 41,305
17 France 39,649
18 Mexico 39,403
19 Germany 37,336
20 Italy 34,057

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach