Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 871,213
2 China 261,280
3 United Kingdom 227,534
4 France 152,603
5 Germany 133,457
6 Spain 121,672
7 Italy 119,388
8 Japan 119,225
9 Australia 116,351
10 Netherlands 108,369
11 India 103,434
12 Canada 93,402
13 Switzerland 90,905
14 Thailand 83,584
15 South Korea 79,166
16 Russia 76,535
17 Taiwan 73,504
18 Brazil 72,100
19 Iran 66,883
20 Turkey 53,856

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach