Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 269,292
2 United States 178,349
3 United Kingdom 73,751
4 Australia 64,665
5 France 64,075
6 Brazil 62,449
7 Germany 61,734
8 India 56,731
9 Italy 55,004
10 Netherlands 44,421
11 Canada 43,768
12 Spain 33,736
13 Mexico 31,282
14 Thailand 25,660
15 Japan 24,573
16 Turkey 23,151
17 Russia 21,114
18 Pakistan 20,608
19 Argentina 19,549
20 South Africa 18,857

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach