Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 249,504
2 United States 158,626
3 India 77,386
4 United Kingdom 67,230
5 Germany 66,508
6 France 61,368
7 Italy 58,603
8 Australia 53,146
9 Brazil 52,541
10 Canada 44,018
11 Netherlands 37,549
12 Spain 33,637
13 Mexico 32,144
14 Russia 30,810
15 Thailand 29,616
16 Japan 24,570
17 Turkey 21,272
18 Pakistan 19,743
19 Argentina 19,469
20 South Africa 18,786

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach