Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 34,445
2 United States 30,308
3 China 29,483
4 Brazil 22,603
5 Thailand 17,551
6 United Kingdom 10,032
7 Turkey 9,077
8 Canada 6,623
9 Algeria 6,357
10 India 6,308
11 Italy 6,152
12 Mexico 6,142
13 Poland 5,461
14 Colombia 5,386
15 Spain 4,936
16 Australia 4,753
17 Japan 4,690
18 South Korea 4,520
19 Iran 4,504
20 Taiwan 3,777

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach