Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 65,705
2 United States 46,453
3 United Kingdom 19,694
4 Canada 15,905
5 Germany 14,782
6 Switzerland 12,912
7 Brazil 12,155
8 Russia 10,174
9 Spain 9,470
10 Czech Republic 8,599
11 Italy 8,212
12 France 7,588
13 Poland 7,214
14 Japan 6,640
15 Australia 6,405
16 Mexico 5,584
17 India 5,221
18 Netherlands 4,468
19 Turkey 4,338
20 Sweden 4,023

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach