Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 54,294
2 United States 43,808
3 United Kingdom 17,111
4 Canada 14,956
5 Germany 14,755
6 Brazil 11,357
7 Switzerland 10,873
8 Spain 8,582
9 Russia 7,651
10 Czech Republic 7,155
11 Italy 6,877
12 France 6,851
13 Poland 6,624
14 Japan 5,833
15 Australia 5,786
16 Mexico 5,690
17 India 5,541
18 Netherlands 3,831
19 Belgium 3,741
20 Sweden 3,547

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach