Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 132,134
2 China 122,699
3 United Kingdom 74,549
4 Japan 61,895
5 Italy 55,456
6 Australia 43,961
7 France 39,079
8 South Korea 34,454
9 Germany 28,126
10 Canada 24,924
11 Netherlands 24,695
12 Turkey 21,802
13 Spain 20,601
14 Taiwan 20,289
15 Brazil 19,531
16 Iran 18,515
17 Switzerland 18,462
18 Thailand 15,905
19 Belgium 14,597
20 Malaysia 12,050

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach