Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 146,351
2 China 142,915
3 United Kingdom 80,379
4 Japan 75,920
5 Italy 62,012
6 Australia 47,415
7 South Korea 42,493
8 France 41,700
9 Germany 32,581
10 Netherlands 28,325
11 Canada 26,856
12 Turkey 24,152
13 Taiwan 22,377
14 Spain 21,866
15 Switzerland 21,204
16 Brazil 20,796
17 Belgium 17,492
18 Thailand 16,530
19 Iran 15,917
20 Malaysia 14,780

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach