Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 India 339,651
2 China 312,609
3 United States 185,449
4 United Kingdom 103,677
5 Malaysia 91,017
6 Turkey 70,449
7 Pakistan 67,124
8 South Korea 50,125
9 Australia 46,432
10 Germany 43,447
11 Thailand 38,389
12 Egypt 37,659
13 Ethiopia 36,986
14 Indonesia 36,594
15 Russia 36,012
16 Canada 33,810
17 Taiwan 32,194
18 Iran 30,424
19 Brazil 28,232
20 South Africa 26,878

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach