Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 52,345
2 China 30,602
3 United Kingdom 11,125
4 Japan 7,451
5 Greece 7,016
6 Australia 6,953
7 Germany 6,575
8 Italy 6,008
9 Canada 5,097
10 Netherlands 3,957
11 Turkey 3,819
12 Spain 3,792
13 South Korea 3,722
14 France 3,481
15 Taiwan 3,456
16 India 3,276
17 Russia 3,147
18 Switzerland 2,930
19 Brazil 2,548
20 Thailand 2,332

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach