Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 21,013
2 China 12,102
3 United Kingdom 4,520
4 Greece 3,094
5 Japan 2,734
6 Australia 2,699
7 Germany 2,679
8 Italy 2,252
9 Canada 2,114
10 Turkey 1,683
11 India 1,456
12 France 1,370
13 Taiwan 1,351
14 Spain 1,350
15 Netherlands 1,277
16 South Korea 1,238
17 Russia 1,150
18 Switzerland 1,108
19 Brazil 1,024
20 Thailand 923

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach