Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 9,107
2 China 4,824
3 United Kingdom 1,754
4 Greece 1,748
5 Japan 1,415
6 Germany 1,376
7 Australia 1,213
8 Italy 1,105
9 Canada 903
10 Netherlands 774
11 Turkey 773
12 India 738
13 France 724
14 Switzerland 670
15 Taiwan 636
16 Spain 623
17 Russia 594
18 Brazil 583
19 South Korea 574
20 Iran 441

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach