Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 42,853
2 China 24,795
3 United Kingdom 8,770
4 Japan 6,046
5 Australia 5,821
6 Greece 5,708
7 Germany 5,403
8 Italy 4,826
9 Canada 4,284
10 Turkey 3,243
11 Netherlands 3,074
12 Spain 2,906
13 South Korea 2,876
14 France 2,867
15 Taiwan 2,756
16 India 2,709
17 Russia 2,484
18 Switzerland 2,416
19 Brazil 2,156
20 Thailand 2,013

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach