Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 667,702
2 China 155,286
3 United Kingdom 118,412
4 France 85,666
5 Japan 79,304
6 Canada 69,072
7 Italy 68,537
8 Netherlands 62,124
9 Germany 57,735
10 Australia 55,699
11 Spain 43,821
12 Turkey 43,781
13 Brazil 40,823
14 South Korea 32,973
15 Taiwan 27,779
16 Switzerland 26,559
17 Mexico 20,160
18 Belgium 15,767
19 Portugal 15,739
20 Colombia 14,737

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach