Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 669,829
2 China 163,918
3 United Kingdom 121,166
4 France 84,412
5 Japan 79,617
6 Canada 70,825
7 Italy 69,753
8 Germany 62,058
9 Netherlands 61,746
10 Australia 54,815
11 Spain 46,317
12 Brazil 45,448
13 Turkey 43,735
14 South Korea 34,769
15 Taiwan 29,831
16 Switzerland 25,978
17 Mexico 21,398
18 Portugal 17,537
19 India 16,324
20 Belgium 15,673

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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