Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 644,543
2 China 144,216
3 United Kingdom 115,633
4 France 86,599
5 Japan 79,768
6 Canada 67,610
7 Italy 64,936
8 Netherlands 60,994
9 Australia 53,825
10 Germany 51,361
11 Turkey 44,272
12 Spain 41,565
13 Brazil 35,373
14 South Korea 31,423
15 Switzerland 26,325
16 Taiwan 25,356
17 Mexico 17,294
18 Denmark 15,815
19 Belgium 14,824
20 Colombia 14,202

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach