Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 806,029
2 United States 495,187
3 South Korea 173,959
4 Japan 133,830
5 Germany 124,138
6 United Kingdom 116,106
7 India 59,974
8 Netherlands 58,192
9 Canada 45,745
10 Denmark 44,058
11 Taiwan 39,032
12 France 38,470
13 Brazil 31,127
14 Australia 30,325
15 Switzerland 29,626
16 Thailand 28,477
17 Spain 26,946
18 Belgium 22,349
19 Mexico 21,858
20 Sweden 17,499

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach