Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 966,010
2 United States 497,418
3 South Korea 191,733
4 Japan 145,074
5 United Kingdom 125,053
6 Germany 116,345
7 Netherlands 63,467
8 India 59,470
9 Denmark 47,095
10 Canada 46,875
11 Taiwan 39,978
12 France 39,320
13 Sweden 36,067
14 Australia 33,552
15 Brazil 32,051
16 Switzerland 31,815
17 Spain 29,045
18 Thailand 27,562
19 Belgium 26,291
20 Mexico 19,932

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach