Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 375,947
2 China 221,627
3 United Kingdom 124,791
4 Canada 110,339
5 Australia 76,385
6 Brazil 71,250
7 Japan 61,421
8 Russia 42,284
9 Germany 40,215
10 France 35,046
11 Spain 32,195
12 India 28,225
13 Thailand 28,207
14 Mexico 26,715
15 Taiwan 24,272
16 South Korea 22,700
17 Italy 20,932
18 New Zealand 18,615
19 Netherlands 18,154
20 Portugal 18,104

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach