Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 344,511
2 China 197,632
3 United Kingdom 120,929
4 Canada 113,011
5 Australia 74,036
6 Brazil 61,092
7 Japan 58,464
8 Germany 35,165
9 Russia 32,830
10 France 32,588
11 Spain 29,835
12 Mexico 22,084
13 India 22,070
14 South Korea 22,039
15 Taiwan 21,535
16 Italy 20,505
17 Thailand 20,260
18 Norway 18,309
19 Netherlands 18,044
20 New Zealand 17,742

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach