Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 198,317
2 China 134,148
3 United Kingdom 83,777
4 Canada 30,880
5 Germany 29,760
6 Japan 25,592
7 Australia 24,720
8 South Korea 19,518
9 Italy 18,720
10 Netherlands 16,000
11 France 14,604
12 Spain 13,475
13 Turkey 11,120
14 Switzerland 9,156
15 Malaysia 8,994
16 Indonesia 8,937
17 India 8,291
18 Brazil 7,788
19 Sweden 7,770
20 Hong Kong 7,546

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach