Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 199,860
2 China 120,680
3 United Kingdom 81,923
4 Germany 33,805
5 Canada 29,795
6 Japan 24,655
7 Australia 23,380
8 South Korea 18,357
9 Italy 17,199
10 Netherlands 15,486
11 France 14,217
12 Spain 12,886
13 Turkey 10,280
14 Malaysia 9,746
15 Indonesia 8,951
16 Switzerland 8,799
17 Brazil 8,054
18 Sweden 7,553
19 India 7,519
20 Taiwan 6,940

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach