Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 195,988
2 China 107,166
3 United Kingdom 77,449
4 Germany 36,117
5 Canada 28,930
6 Australia 22,791
7 Japan 22,683
8 South Korea 16,702
9 Italy 15,475
10 Netherlands 13,794
11 France 13,512
12 Spain 12,260
13 Malaysia 10,278
14 Turkey 8,907
15 India 8,891
16 Indonesia 8,847
17 Brazil 8,654
18 Switzerland 8,494
19 Taiwan 7,600
20 Sweden 7,126

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach