Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 126,516
2 China 69,713
3 Japan 30,968
4 Italy 18,864
5 United Kingdom 17,739
6 South Korea 16,051
7 Brazil 13,724
8 Turkey 13,152
9 Canada 12,878
10 France 10,253
11 Spain 10,043
12 Australia 8,898
13 Germany 8,717
14 Netherlands 7,365
15 Switzerland 7,238
16 Taiwan 7,126
17 Mexico 6,783
18 Belgium 5,855
19 India 4,238
20 Thailand 4,223

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach