Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 119,591
2 China 57,199
3 Japan 29,025
4 Italy 16,518
5 Brazil 16,017
6 United Kingdom 15,144
7 South Korea 13,698
8 Turkey 11,787
9 Canada 11,754
10 France 9,694
11 Spain 9,389
12 Germany 9,335
13 Australia 8,919
14 Mexico 8,903
15 Taiwan 7,672
16 Switzerland 6,938
17 Netherlands 6,460
18 Thailand 4,937
19 India 4,919
20 Belgium 4,894

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach