Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 219,395
2 China 66,849
3 United Kingdom 64,785
4 Australia 33,155
5 South Korea 31,060
6 Canada 22,537
7 Japan 22,254
8 Turkey 19,342
9 Netherlands 16,175
10 France 15,030
11 India 14,868
12 Spain 14,379
13 Italy 13,351
14 Brazil 13,302
15 Iran 13,061
16 Israel 12,476
17 Switzerland 11,617
18 Germany 9,845
19 Thailand 9,600
20 Taiwan 9,415

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach