Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 735,206
2 United States 345,842
3 Australia 268,491
4 China 222,797
5 Germany 137,791
6 Netherlands 132,827
7 Canada 79,111
8 Sweden 55,036
9 Denmark 54,774
10 New Zealand 53,706
11 South Africa 46,842
12 Malaysia 45,723
13 India 44,917
14 Austria 39,020
15 Ireland 38,504
16 Turkey 37,472
17 Taiwan 36,654
18 South Korea 36,458
19 France 35,023
20 Finland 33,931

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach