Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 745,203
2 United States 339,410
3 Australia 273,324
4 China 227,917
5 Netherlands 141,483
6 Germany 122,038
7 Canada 83,921
8 Denmark 56,611
9 Sweden 54,798
10 New Zealand 53,073
11 India 46,484
12 Austria 44,091
13 South Africa 43,812
14 Malaysia 41,376
15 Ireland 40,967
16 Turkey 36,447
17 South Korea 36,168
18 Finland 34,858
19 Taiwan 34,698
20 France 34,542

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach