Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 699,962
2 United States 335,776
3 Australia 262,539
4 China 210,483
5 Germany 143,027
6 Netherlands 126,113
7 Canada 73,271
8 Sweden 54,155
9 Denmark 51,907
10 New Zealand 50,352
11 Malaysia 49,807
12 South Africa 47,884
13 India 44,949
14 Taiwan 39,744
15 Turkey 37,745
16 South Korea 36,435
17 Austria 36,348
18 France 34,451
19 Finland 34,217
20 Ireland 34,041

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach