Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 46,073
2 United Kingdom 38,093
3 China 37,079
4 India 12,894
5 Australia 12,387
6 Netherlands 10,726
7 Germany 10,175
8 Canada 8,030
9 Malaysia 7,842
10 Italy 7,413
11 Japan 7,286
12 Indonesia 7,225
13 Turkey 6,924
14 France 6,262
15 South Africa 4,415
16 South Korea 3,637
17 Sweden 3,467
18 Taiwan 3,408
19 Russia 3,083
20 Spain 3,077

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach