Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 502,833
2 China 203,290
3 Germany 175,868
4 United Kingdom 156,286
5 Japan 88,015
6 France 78,571
7 Canada 55,168
8 Switzerland 50,457
9 India 49,727
10 Australia 38,829
11 Netherlands 36,038
12 South Korea 31,650
13 Russia 25,987
14 Brazil 24,524
15 Israel 24,521
16 Italy 24,361
17 Spain 23,018
18 Sweden 18,363
19 Taiwan 17,277
20 Poland 16,068

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach