Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 448,148
2 China 199,756
3 United Kingdom 153,250
4 Germany 152,013
5 Japan 85,964
6 France 68,546
7 Switzerland 54,546
8 Canada 49,300
9 India 44,446
10 Russia 36,289
11 Netherlands 35,056
12 South Korea 33,909
13 Australia 33,651
14 Italy 24,527
15 Israel 24,071
16 Brazil 21,123
17 Spain 19,180
18 Sweden 17,543
19 Poland 14,186
20 Taiwan 13,667

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach