Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 470,328
2 China 196,418
3 Germany 166,707
4 United Kingdom 156,186
5 Japan 88,805
6 France 72,545
7 Switzerland 54,514
8 Canada 51,919
9 India 45,997
10 Netherlands 35,482
11 Russia 33,575
12 Australia 33,504
13 South Korea 31,800
14 Italy 24,014
15 Israel 23,980
16 Brazil 22,138
17 Spain 20,953
18 Sweden 16,695
19 Poland 15,119
20 Taiwan 14,971

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach