Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 511,966
2 China 203,812
3 Germany 178,344
4 United Kingdom 150,834
5 Japan 86,930
6 France 81,888
7 Canada 53,851
8 India 48,632
9 Switzerland 48,282
10 Australia 38,686
11 Netherlands 35,089
12 South Korea 30,975
13 Brazil 25,009
14 Spain 24,913
15 Israel 24,642
16 Italy 23,785
17 Russia 23,087
18 Taiwan 19,762
19 Sweden 18,981
20 Poland 16,530

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach