Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 444,216
2 United Kingdom 314,186
3 Australia 98,755
4 Canada 81,824
5 China 72,652
6 Netherlands 58,188
7 Germany 41,667
8 Japan 32,862
9 Switzerland 19,330
10 Turkey 15,677
11 South Korea 15,279
12 Spain 15,073
13 France 14,797
14 New Zealand 13,794
15 Israel 13,067
16 Norway 12,820
17 Sweden 12,022
18 Brazil 11,244
19 Italy 11,126
20 Hong Kong 10,881

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach