Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 445,510
2 United Kingdom 300,527
3 Australia 93,097
4 Canada 79,087
5 China 67,872
6 Netherlands 57,179
7 Germany 46,462
8 Japan 31,895
9 Switzerland 18,339
10 Spain 14,774
11 France 14,157
12 Turkey 13,968
13 South Korea 13,877
14 New Zealand 12,886
15 Israel 12,334
16 Brazil 12,134
17 Sweden 11,540
18 Hong Kong 11,518
19 Norway 11,398
20 Italy 10,326

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach