Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 217,946
2 United Kingdom 86,630
3 China 74,057
4 Italy 49,741
5 Australia 47,309
6 Canada 43,208
7 Turkey 38,226
8 Netherlands 36,157
9 Japan 33,554
10 France 31,027
11 Germany 25,098
12 Switzerland 20,060
13 Spain 19,770
14 South Korea 18,820
15 Belgium 18,592
16 Brazil 17,679
17 Taiwan 11,149
18 Israel 10,921
19 Norway 10,520
20 Sweden 10,214

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach