Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 219,149
2 United Kingdom 85,404
3 China 73,994
4 Italy 50,503
5 Australia 45,619
6 Canada 43,321
7 Turkey 36,749
8 Netherlands 36,447
9 Japan 32,750
10 France 30,875
11 Germany 28,025
12 Brazil 20,151
13 Spain 20,111
14 Switzerland 19,371
15 South Korea 18,954
16 Belgium 18,368
17 Taiwan 12,512
18 Israel 11,315
19 Sweden 11,177
20 Mexico 11,041

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach