Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 655,324
2 United Kingdom 645,654
3 Australia 166,550
4 China 149,315
5 Brazil 123,565
6 Canada 106,860
7 Japan 92,499
8 Germany 92,422
9 Italy 87,349
10 Belgium 82,548
11 Netherlands 80,440
12 France 79,464
13 Spain 71,477
14 Thailand 63,370
15 Colombia 51,738
16 South Korea 50,589
17 Mexico 49,195
18 Switzerland 46,921
19 Turkey 43,985
20 India 41,369

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach