Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 657,213
2 United States 622,652
3 Australia 162,875
4 China 138,715
5 Brazil 108,983
6 Canada 103,149
7 Germany 83,871
8 Italy 82,574
9 Japan 82,063
10 Netherlands 78,692
11 Belgium 74,009
12 Spain 69,556
13 France 69,481
14 Thailand 54,147
15 Colombia 48,145
16 South Korea 47,485
17 Switzerland 46,607
18 Turkey 44,996
19 Mexico 42,615
20 Ireland 38,397

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach