Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 688,654
2 United Kingdom 642,587
3 China 175,741
4 Australia 172,858
5 Brazil 145,410
6 Canada 110,152
7 Germany 99,599
8 Japan 98,743
9 Italy 94,136
10 France 87,092
11 Belgium 86,009
12 Netherlands 85,509
13 Spain 79,092
14 Thailand 73,219
15 Colombia 59,110
16 Mexico 54,207
17 South Korea 53,081
18 India 50,630
19 Switzerland 47,328
20 Turkey 47,085

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach