Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 703,467
2 United Kingdom 626,025
3 China 199,469
4 Australia 173,256
5 Brazil 159,087
6 Canada 112,556
7 Germany 105,617
8 Japan 102,011
9 Italy 100,435
10 France 92,787
11 Netherlands 87,910
12 Belgium 86,009
13 Spain 83,686
14 Thailand 75,208
15 Colombia 61,636
16 Mexico 58,509
17 India 56,854
18 South Korea 54,954
19 Turkey 48,094
20 Ireland 45,260

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach