Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 257,474
2 United States 181,864
3 Japan 68,453
4 United Kingdom 57,112
5 Germany 56,349
6 Brazil 39,360
7 India 33,001
8 France 31,564
9 Canada 30,241
10 Netherlands 29,946
11 Mexico 28,046
12 South Korea 27,353
13 Australia 25,671
14 Spain 22,195
15 Taiwan 18,277
16 Thailand 16,948
17 Italy 14,303
18 Switzerland 14,037
19 South Africa 13,329
20 Russia 12,858

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach