Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 546,203
2 United Kingdom 206,495
3 Australia 159,500
4 China 147,133
5 Canada 115,339
6 Netherlands 71,154
7 Japan 48,989
8 Germany 40,739
9 Italy 37,357
10 South Korea 36,770
11 France 33,675
12 Taiwan 32,516
13 Switzerland 30,382
14 Brazil 30,037
15 Turkey 26,681
16 Spain 25,302
17 Sweden 21,747
18 Belgium 20,962
19 Hong Kong 20,498
20 New Zealand 20,460

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach