Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 583,172
2 United Kingdom 246,241
3 Australia 187,428
4 China 179,007
5 Canada 128,458
6 Netherlands 82,649
7 Japan 55,521
8 Italy 40,260
9 South Korea 39,887
10 Germany 39,317
11 France 36,528
12 Switzerland 35,233
13 Taiwan 35,225
14 Turkey 32,736
15 Brazil 29,466
16 Spain 28,378
17 Hong Kong 25,265
18 Belgium 24,029
19 Sweden 23,839
20 Norway 22,818

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach