Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 579,869
2 Australia 120,304
3 United States 85,040
4 Ireland 43,212
5 South Africa 40,918
6 New Zealand 38,481
7 Sweden 22,777
8 China 22,420
9 Norway 21,334
10 Canada 18,372
11 Malaysia 18,326
12 Finland 14,249
13 Singapore 11,159
14 Thailand 8,929
15 Denmark 8,661
16 Netherlands 8,395
17 Hong Kong 6,349
18 Italy 5,787
19 Japan 5,558
20 Germany 5,308

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach