Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 422,511
2 China 183,928
3 United Kingdom 125,299
4 Japan 94,951
5 Netherlands 79,461
6 Germany 72,824
7 Italy 72,409
8 Australia 58,641
9 South Korea 56,297
10 Canada 49,185
11 France 46,361
12 Spain 37,434
13 Sweden 33,480
14 Switzerland 31,586
15 Taiwan 28,997
16 Turkey 23,879
17 Thailand 23,351
18 Brazil 22,079
19 Belgium 18,894
20 India 18,191

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach