Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 626,195
2 United Kingdom 198,455
3 Australia 127,464
4 Canada 77,285
5 Netherlands 39,265
6 China 23,567
7 New Zealand 17,211
8 Sweden 15,821
9 Germany 13,806
10 Spain 13,248
11 Turkey 13,214
12 Ireland 11,914
13 Hong Kong 11,542
14 Israel 10,775
15 Iran 9,687
16 Norway 8,817
17 Belgium 8,777
18 Colombia 8,590
19 France 8,430
20 South Korea 8,282

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach