Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 635,744
2 United Kingdom 222,689
3 Australia 134,235
4 Canada 81,136
5 Netherlands 42,696
6 China 21,317
7 New Zealand 17,466
8 Sweden 16,143
9 Turkey 15,476
10 Spain 14,437
11 Germany 13,195
12 Hong Kong 12,314
13 Ireland 12,076
14 Israel 11,558
15 Norway 10,192
16 Colombia 9,444
17 Belgium 9,099
18 France 8,679
19 South Korea 8,430
20 Denmark 8,280

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach