Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 628,502
2 United Kingdom 185,966
3 Australia 123,777
4 Canada 73,644
5 Netherlands 38,205
6 China 23,535
7 New Zealand 17,022
8 Sweden 15,441
9 Germany 14,468
10 Spain 13,378
11 Turkey 13,283
12 Ireland 12,482
13 Hong Kong 11,820
14 Iran 11,119
15 Israel 11,071
16 Brazil 10,226
17 France 9,022
18 Belgium 8,768
19 South Korea 8,271
20 Colombia 8,222

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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