Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 617,036
2 United Kingdom 178,412
3 Australia 122,973
4 Canada 72,876
5 Netherlands 38,184
6 China 26,265
7 New Zealand 17,571
8 Sweden 16,567
9 Germany 14,815
10 Spain 13,725
11 Turkey 12,811
12 Hong Kong 12,630
13 Ireland 12,383
14 Iran 11,840
15 Israel 11,262
16 Brazil 10,452
17 France 8,931
18 South Korea 8,880
19 Belgium 8,743
20 Colombia 8,016

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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