Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 323,596
2 China 53,317
3 United Kingdom 50,768
4 Canada 46,470
5 South Korea 41,952
6 Australia 33,694
7 Japan 30,607
8 Netherlands 29,725
9 Brazil 18,182
10 Germany 12,830
11 Switzerland 11,584
12 Iran 11,202
13 Sweden 10,608
14 Taiwan 9,098
15 Italy 8,880
16 Hong Kong 7,745
17 Turkey 7,613
18 Portugal 5,893
19 Belgium 5,780
20 France 4,764

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach