Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 316,312
2 Canada 53,445
3 China 51,914
4 United Kingdom 48,587
5 Australia 33,659
6 South Korea 32,113
7 Japan 28,352
8 Netherlands 27,122
9 Taiwan 21,368
10 Brazil 19,712
11 Germany 12,958
12 Iran 11,946
13 Sweden 11,438
14 Switzerland 10,290
15 Italy 8,020
16 Hong Kong 6,942
17 Turkey 6,553
18 Portugal 5,427
19 Belgium 5,222
20 Spain 5,020

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach